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INFORMATICA, 2008, Vol. 19, No. 3, 345-362
© Institute of Mathematics and Informatics,

ISSN 0868-4952

Viewcharts: Syntax and Semantics


Department of Computer Science, University of Tabriz 29 Bahman Blvd., 5166616471 Tabriz, Iran E-mail:


In this paper, we present a method for describing the syntax and semantics of viewcharts. Viewcharts is a visual formalism for describing the dynamic behavior of system components. We define the syntax of viewcharts as attributed graphs and, based on this graph, describe dynamic semantics of viewcharts by object mapping automata. This approach covers many important constructs of viewcharts, including hierarchy of views, ownership of elements, scope, and composition of views in separate, orand andways. It also covers completion and interlevel transitions as well as history transitions without violating the independence of views. Viewcharts was originally based on statecharts; in this paper we also change the basis of viewcharts to an extended version of Finite State Machine (EFSM).


visual languages, viewcharts, syntax definition, formal operational semantics, object mapping automata

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