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INFORMATICA, 2005, Vol. 16, No. 2, 213-240
© Institute of Mathematics and Informatics,

ISSN 0868-4952

Hierarchical Decision Making Framework for Evaluation and Improvement of Composite Systems (Example for Building)

Mark Sh. LEVINa, Moshe A. DANIELIb

aInstitute for Information Transmission Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences 19 Bolshoj Karetny lane, Moscow, 127994, Russia E-mail: mslevin@acm.org

bThe College of Judea & Samaria Ariel 44837, Israel

Abstract

The article describes a hierarchical decision making framework for the evaluation and improvement/redesign of composite systems. The framework is based on Hierarchical Morphological Multicriteria Design (HMMD) and corresponding morphological clique problem which realize ``partitioning/synthesis macroheuristic''. The system evaluation process consists in hierarchical integration of expert judgment (as ordinal estimates): a method of integration tables or the above-mentioned morphological approach. As a result, ordinal multi-state classification is realized. The system improvement/redesign process is examined as the selection and planning of redesign operations while taking into account operations attributes (e.g., required resources, effectiveness) and binary relations (equivalence, complementarity, precedence) on the operation sets. For modeling the system improvement process several combinatorial optimization models are used (knapsack problem, multiple choice problem, etc.) including HMMD.

The suggested approach is illustrated by realistic numerical example for two-floor building. This applied problem is examined from the viewpoint of earthquake engineering.

Keywords:

engineering design, system analysis, composite systems, evaluation, improvement, multicriteria decision making, combinatorial optimization, morphological analysis, macroheuristic, civil engineering, earthquake engineering

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